With so many gender equality indexes out there, why do we need another one? The AfDB’s Gender Equality Index is different from the others in two ways: its comprehensiveness and its purpose. First, it is the only index that provides evidence on gender equality for 52 of Africa’s 54 countries. And second, it was designed not just to measure gender inequality, but to promote development. It discusses three important dimensions of gender equality: economic empowerment, human development, and laws and institutions—all areas in which government action can bring about change. Therefore, this index is action-oriented; it is intended to help African decision-makers focus on—and address—some of the most serious barriers that prevent African women from engaging on a level playing field with men, to help African citizens demand more from their governments, and to help the AfDB itself better focus its gender related policy dialogue and interventions.